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Falmouth, Cornwall
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It dates from only 1613. Its site, in 1600, had only two houses, -an ale-house and a smithy; but was observed by Sir Walter Raleigh, at a visit he made to the adjacent mansion of Arwenack, on his return from the coast of Guinea, to be eminently suited for a great port, -and was recommended by him as such, to the council, on his return to London. A small village began then to be formed on the site; and took the name, first of Smithwick or Smithike, -afterwards of Penny-come-quick, a corruption of Pen-y-cwm-cuick, signifying "the head of the narrow vale;" but even this, in 1613, had only 10 houses. -A plan was formed, in that year, by Sir John Killigrew of Arwenack, the proprietor of the site, to raise the place to the importance of a town; building operations thence went on, raising upwards of 150 houses within the next 30 years; an act of parliament was passed in 1652, making this place a head port in lieu of Penryn; a royal proclamation went forth, in 1660, requiring it to be thenceforth called Falmouth; a charter was issued, in 1661, investing it with the privileges of a corporate town; and the enterprises of trade steadily increased the number of houses to nearly 350 before the year 1700, and to upwards of 500 before the year 1750. The harbour, by its capaciousness and excellence, has ever since continued to render the town prosperous; and it gave perfect shelter, in 1815, during a severe gale, to a fleet of 300 vessels, several of them of large size; but was the scene, in the previous year, at a point not far from the town, of the disastrous shipwreck of the "Queen" transport, when 195 invalids on board perished. Yet, though Falmouth can lay no claim to antiquity, some place near it appears to have been a seat of population in the Roman times. The editors of the Mag. Brit., 1738, say, "In old time, a town which the ancients called Voluba stood on the river Fal; but that being destroyed long since, another is risen in its room at a little distance, which retains something of the old name, and is called Falmonth or Volemouth, which is a spacions and excellent haven, altogether as noble as Brundusium in Italy, and rivalled by Plymouth only, made by the falling of the river Fal into it."... Houses, 4, 051. Marriages in 1860, 202; births, 700, -of which 54 were illegitimate; deaths, 476, -of which 185 were at ages under 5 years, and 15 at ages above 85. Extracts from a much larger entry well worth reading - Goring, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1870-72

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